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what is the message of 2 corinthians

Contrary to what the Corinthians suspect in his cancellation of his promised visit, Paul has purposes, makes plans, and actively engages in his mission. They brought to the Corinthians, “another Jesus, another Spirit, another Gospel” (2 Cor 11:4). They seem to have made their way to Corinth after the resolution of the recent crisis, but it is not impossible that they were there already, and were able to establish their claims within the church after the local, Corinthian leader who had offended Paul had been removed. The comfort that the apostle received in his affliction has been passed on through his word to countless others through the centuries, and still comes to us through him even now. Already when Paul wrote our 1 Corinthians, Paul’s legitimacy as apostle was in question within the Corinthian church.3 The church had divided into factions, each of which promoted the apostolic figure that seemed best to them: “I am of Paul, and I am of Apollos, and I of Cephas, and I am of Christ” (1 Cor 1:12). It may be prompted in part by the charge of his adversaries (10:10), but it also sums up the apostolic existence that Paul describes in the earlier chapters (see esp. Second Corinthians returns to similar themes as those Paul mentioned in his first letter to this church. Paul constantly bears in his body the “deadness of Jesus” in order that the life of Jesus might be manifest in him and effect life in the Corinthians and all others (4:10-12). In this revised BST volume, David Prior shows the relevance of 1 Corinthians for our times with clear exposition of each passage, information about the letter's historical background, and key principles and applications for today. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. The appeal to the Corinthians to separate themselves from unbelievers, which appears here, is most likely directed to their relationship with the apostolic claimants (6:14-18). He does not seek to bind them to himself, but to Christ and therewith to the other churches, especially Jerusalem (11:2; cf. Paul has introduced the Corinthians to this matter already in 1 Corinthians. Although he speaks of Christ in this chapter (3:14), he describes salvation primarily in terms of the work of the Spirit, filling in the “christological gap” only in 5:21. The Message of 2 Corinthians – Barnett. “For what we proclaim is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, with ourselves as your servants for Jesus’ sake” (4:5). At the pinnacle of world history, God brought about his long-promised restoration through the suffering of his own Son. Who is the true apostle, Paul or one of the intruders? Then in 2 Corinthians, Paul seems slightly apologetic for his harsh tone in his first letter, and he makes statements like, "For all of us must appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each may receive [compensation] for what has been done in the body, whether good or evil." 2 Corinthians 4 MSG - Trial and Torture - Since God has so - Bible Gateway. Second Corinthians is intensely so. Indeed, to fail to reconcile is to be outwitted by Satan (2:11). Bobby takes a look at 2 Corinthians which shows us a more vulnerable Apostle Paul. The claim to be “of Christ” likely signifies a direct, visionary knowledge of the risen Lord, and anticipates the challenges to Paul’s apostolic authority that arose first within the church (2 Cor 1:23-2:11) and then from without (2 Cor 10:1-12:13). The Message of 2 Corinthians - Barnett quantity. In its own way, 2 Corinthians underscores the unique and irreplaceable role of the apostle in interpreting the message of the crucified and risen Jesus to the world. 4:10–12). 1:3–7), sufficiency through insufficiency (3:1–6), life through death (4:7–15), blessing through suffering (6:3–10), salvation through grief (7:2–10), abundance through poverty (8:1–2, 9, 14), and boasting through hardship (11:16–30). The result is that believers all over the world are not required to qualify themselves with any kind of moral goodness or education or family background or anything else they might bring to the table. The change in tone over against the irenic and conciliatory body of the letter is understandable in more than one respect. He will not lord over the Corinthians: in their faith, they stand and thus are his equals (1:24). The risen Lord remains none other than the crucified Jesus. Paul defends his integrity. By way of contrast, the story of Moses’s ministry of the Law becomes a mirror in which the apostolic ministry—the glory of which presently is unseen—becomes visible. That much the Corinthians understand. It is not too surprising that this fractured church displayed tendencies in opposing directions. Just as Jesus was crucified on a Roman cross, God leads the apostle to death in a Roman triumph, so that the knowledge of Christ might be manifest everywhere (2:14-17). The communication of life within death, power within weakness, wealth within poverty, and so on, is alien to their thinking, as it is to ours as well. The apostle, who bears the Gospel, is therefore likewise inscrutable to human beings who operate with the practical reasoning of human judgment (1 Cor 2:15-16). His argument against them is directed against their claim to apostolic authority based on their personal powers and charisma (especially the “fool’s speech,” 11:22-12:13). 13:4) so that weak sinners can know true strength, by his grace. It is not too likely that it now was ready to return there. So I don’t want to come down too hard. The letter of 2 Corinthians is important, Paul Barnett believes, for its magnificent message that God's power is brought to people in their weakness, not in human strength. 12:1–2 ). In 2 Corinthians, Paul seeks to build upon that success in the face of the fresh challenge that had come from outsiders who had made their way to Corinth and presented apostolic claims. This emphasis on the work of the Spirit is bound up with the profoundly material  hermeneutic that Paul sets forth in the chapter. Trial and Torture - Since God has so generously let us in on what he is doing, we’re not about to throw up our hands and walk off the job just because we run into occasional hard times. He instead sent Titus as his emissary in an attempt to resolve the situation. As we have noted, his life is one of difficulty and deliverance. Paul must remind them again in 2 Corinthians that this present body and life are a mere tent and pilgrimage to an eternal house and home, a body and life of a different order, in which the mortal will be “swallowed up by life” (5:4). This momentous theme emerges in a dramatic real-life situation. KShs 600.00. Paul understood the futility of life without Christ and the empty pursuit of righteousness through self-effort. Moreover, he is not going to be judged for his gifts, but whether or not he has been faithful in his stewardship (1 Cor 4:2). Consequently, all people around the world who trust in him, though condemned in themselves, can be counted as righteous in God’s sight. As the apostle of Christ, in suffering and deliverance, Paul offers true comfort to all of us. It concludes with a reference to Paul’s dispatching Timothy to Corinth as well as his own subsequent arrival there (1 Cor 4:14-21). I Corinthians. Second Corinthians tells us that comfort comes through affliction (2 Cor. Just the opposite. They strive upwards for power and success, not realizing that God has come down to them to meet them in their misery and distress. 2 Corinthians 5Open menuThe MessageOpen menu. The Theology and Message of 2 Corinthians. At the point of the Gospel and God’s saving work in Christ, human reasoning must submit. Weakness is not good in itself, yet it is God’s chosen means of displaying his grace and glory and power. He had made an emergency visit to Corinth, in which an individual within the church had openly resisted his apostolic authority, and had received at least tacit support from the church itself. Paul likewise interjects a defense of his apostolic calling into his discussion of idol-meats: he cannot appeal to his example in service to the Corinthians, without their understanding the freedom he exercises as apostle in refusing to accept funds from them (1 Cor 9:1-27). Reconciliation. In order to communicate his love and concern to them Paul brackets the body of 2 Corinthians with his report of his distress over them as he awaited the report of Titus’s mission and his joy over its success (2 Cor 2:12-13; 7:5-16). It is their practical theology, with its implicit assumptions about Christ, the Spirit, and the Gospel that Paul must address. All rights reserved. The proof of apostolic ministry does not lie in any letter that Paul might bring. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Message of 2 Corinthians by Barnett Paul 9781789741520 | at the best online prices at eBay! The Message of Second Corinthians: 2 Corinthians as the Legitimation of the Apostle. 2 Corinthians reminds me a lot of where we are today. This momentous theme emerges in a dramatic real-life situation. In the most important respect, the opponents of Paul in Corinth were unique. 5 1-5 For instance, we know that when these bodies of ours are taken down like tents and folded away, they will be replaced by resurrection bodies in heaven—God-made, not handmade—and we’ll never have to relocate our “tents” again. Throughout the letter Paul turns upside down our natural expectations of the way life works. The whole of 2 Corinthians is thus centered on the legitimation of Paul as apostle to the Corinthians, in the face of the challengers who offer their outward and visible powers (together, most likely, with letters of commendation) as proof of their apostolic authority. The old version of who they were is gone, replaced by the new Christlike version (2 Corinthians 5:16–18). Christians around the globe today are called to live in faithful presence among their unbelieving neighbors, influencing them with the love of Christ rather than being infected by worldly patterns of thinking ( Rom. All earthly deliverance is an anticipation of this final deliverance from death itself (cf. And here again lies the problem between the Corinthians and the apostle. Our understanding God and ourselves does not take place through our own reason and understanding, or by any bare rules of interpretation. Second Corinthians reminds us that even as Christians, we hurt each other and need to forgive those who wrong us (2 Corinthians 2:7). Contrary to the way the world and our own human hearts naturally function, God takes what is low, despised, and weak to accomplish his purposes. As the Corinthians themselves recognize, the marks of an apostle are the marks of a Christian. The happy end to Titus’s mission meant that the Corinthian church was reconciled to its apostle, at least temporarily (2 Cor 7:5-16). For a long time that has been so for them: “Already you have been satisfied, already you have been made rich, without us you have begun to reign as kings!” (1 Cor 4:8). When Paul writes 2 Corinthians, matters have become much worse. Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians is therefore both heartening and chastening. While Christians in no way atone for sin as Christ did, we do spread the knowledge of that atonement in the way he did—through sacrificial love (2 Cor. He is not going to be judged finally by the Corinthians, but by the Lord. It teaches us the fear of God. But where Jews are tempted to abandon their cultural identity, there can hardly be much pressure on Gentiles to become circumcised. God Rescued Paul When He Was Suffering. The Corinthians are to exercise judgment in a whole range of matters, and especially with regard to Paul’s opponents. Corinthians-2 is Paul’s defense of his character and his message to keep the Corinthians from following these false apostles in their heresies. Our fundamental problem is that we cannot see or understand ourselves or God rightly.  Our salvation entails our coming to the truth about ourselves and about God. Likewise, it makes good sense rhetorically for Paul to capitalize on the recent victory that had been won in Titus’s visit to Corinth. As a cultural phenomenon, Paul’s opponents in Corinth were undoubtedly related to them, especially to the latter. Above all, Christian leaders are to do what Christ himself did: pour out their lives in self-giving love for the sake of others. Contrary to the way the world and our own human hearts naturally function, God takes what is low, despised, and weak to accomplish his purposes. It is the high calling of all who lead God’s people. The word and work of God are not subject to human judgments. It lies in the Corinthians themselves, and in their faith in Christ (2 Cor 3:3). Dr. Seifrid is the author of numerous articles on Pauline theology and the doctrine of justification. Where the numbers seem to indicate success in evangelism, who knows how many will turn out to have been “rocky ground” (see Mark 4:5)? Precisely in the midst of the direst difficulties he speaks, because he has been given the Spirit of faith (, The Message of Second Corinthians: 2 Corinthians as the Legitimation of the Apostle. The letter of 2 Corinthians is important, Paul Barnett believes, for its magnificent message that God's power is brought to people in their weakness, not in human strength. The body of the letter concludes with a direct appeal to the Corinthians (6:1-7:16). Add to cart. Now Paul himself stands at the center of the conflict. The form of Christ’s saving presence within the world is being tested in him. The letter of 2 Corinthians reveals a powerful debate between the apostle Paul and a shadowy group of opponents, along with the local church members who supported them. Without the background of the argument of 2 Corinthians 1-7, in which Paul presents the life of an apostle as one of suffering and deliverance, his words in 2 Corinthians 10-13 would likely fall on deaf ears. Yet the apostle’s role as an agent of Christ does not mean that he sets himself above those to whom he is sent. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. “If we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation” (1:6). Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians unlocks one of the great secrets of Christian life and ministry to believers all around the globe: God’s power is channeled through human weakness. All they have eyes for is the fashionable god of darkness. Servant leadership. Very few have been called to bear the hardships that Paul bore. The letter of 2 Corinthians is important, Paul Barnett believes, for its magnificent message that God's power is brought to people in their weakness, not in human strength. It would do very little good to challenge the opponents if the Corinthians are blind to the issues at stake. Paul’s Plan to Come to Corinth. The Gospel is a “mystery,” even in its open proclamation (1 Cor 2:1, 7). Once God reconciled Paul to Himself, Paul's life work became telling others about this message of reconciliation: In Christ, God is not counting people's sins against them. In the end, however, they are not in a position to interpret and judge the apostle or the Gospel that he bears. There will yet be a final judgment before Christ himself (5:10)! Change in Paul’s travel plans. The question at stake here is the legitimation of an apostle, and not merely any apostle, but the legitimation of Paul as apostle to the Corinthians.2 Precisely in its particularity, 2 Corinthians speaks to the present, and it does so profoundly. Servant leadership is not optional for the global church. Only “in Christ” is this divine judgment on the human being done away with, so that we see that “the letter” that brings our death has its end in Christ, in whom the Spirit gives us life. God will accomplish his work in the world, whether “by many or by few” (1 Sam. As we have noted, the message of 2 Corinthians cannot be separated from Paul, the messenger. Every apostle is of Christ, by definition (2 Cor 10:7; cf. They think he can give them what they want, and that they won’t have to bother believing a Truth they can’t see. All that is needed is sincere openness to the Lord who in Christ became weak himself (2 Cor. Try In those places around the world today where statistics would seem to indicate that the church is healthy, such health may be hollow. Paul is the one who strives to strengthen the congregation and the entire Corinthian church. It is much more likely that they had no developed theology to offer the Corinthians. That is precisely what is necessary for their salvation. This truth remains to this day. As believers face divisions across the global church as well as broken relationships closer to home, Paul’s gentle exhortations to pursue restoration when possible are words worth remembering. 14:6). The Second Epistle to the Corinthians, commonly referred to as Second Corinthians or in writing 2 Corinthians, is a Pauline epistle of the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The epistle is attributed to Paul the Apostle and a co-author named Timothy, and is addressed to the church in Corinth and Christians in the surrounding province of Achaea, in modern-day Greece. He is their boast, just as they are his in the day of the Lord (, As apostle to the Corinthians, Paul teaches them and through them all of us a basic truth of the Christian life. It is no wonder, then, that travelling preachers found their way there. At least for the moment, the church had been reconciled to the apostle. God brought together these two strands—the triumphant king and the suffering victim—in one person. In his weaknesses, he is being led by God in God’s triumph in Christ, so that apart from and beyond his work, God is performing his work in and through him (2:14-17). 2 Corinthians 5 For instance, we know that when these bodies of ours are taken down like tents and folded away, they will be replaced by resurrection bodies in heaven - God-made, not handmade - and we'll never have to relocate our "tents" again. He earned his Ph.D. in New Testament from Princeton Theological Seminary. Importance of reconciliation in 2 Corinthians 3 emphasis throughout this chapter rests on the basis of “the meekness and of. History, God brought about his personality and legitimacy Product ID: 2294 the synagogue ( Acts 18:1-17 ) himself..., they have eyes for is the high calling of all who lead God ’ s way through self-effort confidence! Understood as an agent of Christ does not qualify—and then look to Christ or know God. in embracing follow! 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